HomeSearch by AntimicrobialQuinupristin/Dalfopristin (Synercid)
Antimicrobial Name: Quinupristin/Dalfopristin (Synercid)
CAS Number: 126602-89-9
Type of Antibiotic: Other Antibiotics
Origin: Chemical/Synthetic
Functional Category: Antibiotic
Molecular Weight: 1022.24
Mechanism of Action: Quinupristin and dalfopristin are protein synthesis inhibitors in a synergestic manner. While each of the two is only a bacteriostatic agent, the combination shows bactericidal activity. Dalfopristin binds to the 23S portion of the 50S ribosomal subunit, and changes the conformation it, enhancing the binding of quinupristin by a factor of about 100. In addition, it inhibits peptidyl transfer. Quinupristin binds to a nearby site on the 50S ribosomal subunit and prevents elongation of the polypeptide, as well as causing incomplete chains to be released.
Chemical Formula:

C53H67N9O10S

Comments:

Quinupristin/Dalfopristin (Synercid) is a combination of two antibiotics used to treat infections by staphylococci and by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. Quinupristin and dalfopristin are both streptogramin antibiotics, derived from pristinamycin. Quinupristin is derived from pristinamycin IA; dalfopristin from pristinamycin IIA. They are combined in a weight-to-weight ratio of 30% quinupristin to 70% dalfopristin.